Zambezi River

The Zambezi River, ranked as the fourth longest river in Africa, traverses six countries from its source in Zambia to its confluence with the Indian Ocean in Mozambique. This remarkable river serves both animals and humans alike. Its immense power is harnessed to generate electricity for regions in Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. But that’s not all – the Zambezi River is also home to the awe-inspiring Victoria Falls, one of the world’s natural wonders. For safari enthusiasts, the Zambezi River is a true paradise. Along its banks and in its waters, one can encounter a plethora of wildlife, including hippos, crocodiles, elephants, hyenas, lions, and many other species. The Zambezi River offers an unparalleled opportunity to observe Africa’s majestic wildlife in their natural habitat, making it a dream destination for nature and safari lovers alike.

Safari Ideas for the Zambezi

Experience the unparalleled beauty of the river with Simwenge River Lodge as your base. Nestled along the riverbanks, this magnificent lodge offers an idyllic retreat where you can reconnect with nature and leave behind the stresses of modern life. At Simwenge River Lodge, you can embark on the ultimate African safari, with opportunities to explore Hwange National Park, go on unforgettable fishing safaris on the Zambezi River, revel in breathtaking sunset cruises, and indulge in “beach” lunches on the riverbanks. Immerse yourself in the awe-inspiring natural wonders of the river and create memories that will last a lifetime at Simwenge River Lodge.

Wildlife to Spot near the Zambezi River

The Zambezi River is one of Africa’s most iconic and ecologically diverse rivers, flowing through six countries and covering approximately 2,700 miles. Along its course, there are several fascinating wildlife species that can be spotted. Here are some of the notable ones:

African Elephant

The Zambezi River basin is home to a significant population of African elephants. These majestic creatures can often be seen along the riverbanks, especially during the dry season when they come to the water to drink and bathe. African elephants are the largest land animals on Earth. They are highly intelligent, social creatures with tight-knit family structures. These gentle giants roam the Zambezi River basin in search of water and vegetation. The river is a crucial resource for them during the dry season when water becomes scarce in the surrounding areas. Spotting these magnificent animals along the riverbanks or crossing the water is a breathtaking experience.

Nile Crocodile

As one of Africa’s largest and most formidable predators, the Nile crocodile is commonly found in the Zambezi River. These reptiles are often seen basking in the sun on sandbars or lurking in the shallows, waiting for prey to approach the water’s edge. These ancient creatures can grow up to 20 feet in length and are known for their powerful jaws and ambush hunting style. They lurk near the river’s edge or on sandbanks, waiting for unsuspecting prey like fish, birds, and mammals to come close. Observing them basking in the sun or gliding through the water is an impressive sight.

Zambezi river - crocodile
Zambezi river – crocodile

The Zambezi River provides an ideal habitat for hippos. Although they might seem slow and docile on land, they are actually quite dangerous and can be seen submerged in the river or lounging near the water during the day. The hippopotamus, often referred to as “hippo,” is a semi-aquatic mammal that spends much of its time submerged in water. Despite their seemingly docile appearance, they are highly territorial and can be aggressive if provoked. The Zambezi River provides ample grazing areas, and hippos can often be spotted wading, swimming, or relaxing in the water, with their eyes and ears just above the surface.

African Buffalo

These massive and robust animals are also present in the Zambezi region. Often found grazing in grassy areas near the river, African buffalo are known for their unpredictable behavior and group defense against predators. African buffaloes, also known as Cape buffalo, are formidable and often considered one of the “Big Five” game species. They travel in large herds, grazing on grass and reeds along the riverbanks. Buffaloes are known for their resilience and their strong defense mechanisms against predators, making them an essential part of the Zambezi ecosystem.

African Fish Eagle

A magnificent bird of prey, the African Fish Eagle is a common sight along the Zambezi River. Known for its distinct call and impressive hunting skills, it can often be seen swooping down to catch fish from the river’s surface. The African Fish Eagle is an iconic bird of prey known for its striking appearance and powerful hunting skills. Their distinctive call is often associated with the sounds of the African wilderness. These eagles perch high in trees near the river and scan the water for fish. When they spot a suitable target, they swoop down with impressive speed and accuracy to snatch their meal.

African Lion

Although not as frequently spotted as other wildlife, lions do inhabit the Zambezi River basin. They are more elusive during the day but can sometimes be encountered during dawn or dusk when they are most active. African lions are apex predators and the only social big cats, forming prides consisting of related females and their offspring. While their primary habitat is grassland and savanna, they can also be found near the Zambezi River. Lions are more active during the cooler parts of the day and at night. Spotting them in the Zambezi region can be a rare and thrilling experience.

African Wild Dog

The Zambezi region is also home to the endangered African wild dog. These highly social and intelligent predators can sometimes be seen roaming the floodplains in search of prey. Also known as painted dogs or painted wolves, African wild dogs are highly endangered and known for their complex social structures and cooperative hunting behavior. They are fast and efficient hunters, preying on small to medium-sized ungulates. Observing these elusive and endangered animals in their natural habitat is a true privilege.


The waterbuck is a common antelope species that is well-adapted to life near water sources. You can often spot them grazing near the Zambezi River’s edge. Waterbucks are medium-sized antelopes with a distinct white ring on their rump. They are well-adapted to life near water sources and are commonly found near the Zambezi River. Waterbucks are not as skittish as some other antelope species, making them relatively easier to spot and observe.

Baboons and Vervet Monkeys

These primates are abundant in the Zambezi River basin and can be seen moving through the trees or foraging for food along the riverbanks. Baboons and vervet monkeys are two primate species commonly found near the Zambezi River. Baboons are social and live in large troops, often searching for food along the riverbanks and in the surrounding vegetation. Vervet monkeys, on the other hand, are smaller and more arboreal, frequently seen jumping between trees near the river.

Various Bird Species

The Zambezi River is a haven for birdwatchers, with numerous species of waterbirds, raptors, and other avian creatures inhabiting the region. Keep an eye out for storks, herons, kingfishers, and many other colorful species.

Plan Your Safari

Get in touch with our dedicated reservations department, where our consultants are eager to assist you in selecting the ideal destination and lodge that perfectly aligns with your preferences.  Let our experts guide you through the exciting possibilities and help you craft a trip that will create lasting memories.

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